Glauber Rocha (born 1939, died 1981) was a film director, actor, and writer who became a key figure and theoretician of the Brazilian Cinema Novo movement and made films with strong political themes that combine mysticism and folklore. His films include: The Age of the Earth, 1980; History of Brazil, 1974; and Black God White Devil, 1964. Rocha lived and worked in Rio de Janeiro.